Câu hỏi phỏng vấn [Global] API Design
Câu hỏi

What REST stands for?

Câu trả lời

Certainly! Here is a detailed answer to the interview question on API design based on the provided sources:

Interview Question: What are some best practices for designing a REST API?


Designing a REST API involves several best practices to ensure it is efficient, maintainable, and user-friendly. Here are some key best practices:

  1. Use Nouns for Endpoints:

    • Endpoints should represent resources using nouns rather than actions or verbs. For example, use /users instead of /getUsers or /createUser[1][2][6][9].
    • This approach aligns with the REST principle of treating everything as a resource.
  2. HTTP Methods:

    • Utilize the appropriate HTTP methods for CRUD operations:
      • GET for retrieving resources.
      • POST for creating new resources.
      • PUT for updating existing resources.
      • DELETE for removing resources[1][2][16].
  3. Consistent Naming Conventions:

    • Maintain consistent and intuitive naming conventions across your API. Use plural nouns for resource names (e.g., /books instead of /book)[1][2][16].
    • Avoid special characters and keep the URI simple and readable[1].
  4. Error Handling:

    • Implement robust error handling with clear and standardized error messages. Use appropriate HTTP status codes to indicate the result of an API request (e.g., 200 OK, 404 Not Found, 500 Internal Server Error)[1][6][9].
    • Provide detailed error messages to help developers understand what went wrong and how to fix it[1][6].
  5. Security Best Practices:

    • Ensure your API is secure by implementing authentication and authorization mechanisms, such as OAuth 2.0[1][5].
    • Use HTTPS to encrypt data in transit and protect sensitive information[5].
    • Regularly update and manage API keys and tokens to prevent unauthorized access[1][5].
  6. Versioning:

    • Version your API to manage changes and ensure backward compatibility. Common approaches include URL versioning (e.g., /api/v1/users), query parameter versioning, and header versioning[6][9].
    • This allows clients to continue using older versions of the API while new features are added or changes are made.
  7. Documentation:

    • Provide comprehensive and clear documentation for your API. Include details about available endpoints, request and response formats, authentication methods, and error codes[1][8][9].
    • Use tools like Swagger (OpenAPI) to generate interactive and up-to-date documentation[8][11].
  8. Filtering, Sorting, and Pagination:

    • Implement filtering, sorting, and pagination to handle large datasets efficiently. Use query parameters to allow clients to specify thei...


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