Câu hỏi phỏng vấn Availability & Reliability
Câu hỏi

What is Availability?

Câu trả lời

Availability is a measure of the degree to which a system, service, or component is operational and accessible when required for use. It is typically expressed as a percentage and represents the ratio of the time a system is available for use to the total time it should be available, considering both planned and unplanned downtime[1][2][3][4].

Key Points about Availability:

  1. Definition:

    • Availability refers to the percentage of time a system is operational and accessible to users. It indicates how often a system is ready to perform its intended function[1][2][3].
  2. Calculation:

    • Availability is calculated using the formula:

      \text{Availability} = \frac{\text{Total Elapsed Time} - \text{Sum of Downtime}}{\text{Total Elapsed Time}}

      This formula helps determine the proportion of time a system is up and running versus the total time it is expected to be operational[2][3][8].
  3. Measurement:

    • Availability is often measured over a specific period, such as a month or a year, and is expressed as a percentage. For example, an availability of 99% means the system is operational 99% of the time and unavailable 1% of the time[1][3][13].
  4. Factors Affecting Availability:

    • Both planned downtime (e.g., maintenance, updates) and unplanned downtime (e.g., system failures, outages) impact availability. High availability systems aim to minimize both types of downtime to ensure continuous operation[3][12][13].
  5. High Availability:

    • High availability (HA) refers to systems designed to be operational for a very high percentage of time, often described in terms of "nines" (e.g., 99.999% availability, also known as "five nines"). Achieving high availability typically involves redundancy, fault tolerance, and robust recovery mechanisms[3][12...
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